​Here are some risk factors that can lead to hypertension in women

In global health, hypertension is emerging as a widespread concern, affecting nearly 1.28 billion adults aged 30 to 79, according to the World Health Organization. However, what makes this statistic even more remarkable is the revelation that two-thirds of these people reside in low- and middle-income countries. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a silent but complex problem that demands our attention because of its serious potential implications. Here are 5 shocking reasons why women, in particular, are affected by hypertension.

What is hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels is too great, such as reaching levels of 140/90 mmHg or even higher. Although widespread, its implications can escalate into a serious health problem if left untreated. People with high blood pressure often have no visible symptoms, making it a silent disease.
Here are some reasons for hypertension seen in women.


Being overweight or obese

Beyond its impact at scale, obesity appears to be a significant contributor to hypertension in women. Research published in the United States National Library of Medicine indicates that approximately 20 to 30 percent of cases of hypertension are linked to being overweight or obese. The implications are staggering, with a 2- to 6-fold increase in the prevalence of hypertension among overweight people. The Positive Side ? Beginning a journey toward a 5-10% reduction in body weight is directly correlated with a reduction in cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension.

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Sedentary lifestyle

The modern sedentary lifestyle, characterized by prolonged periods of inactivity, goes beyond simple preference, it constitutes a real risk factor for hypertension in women. Highlighting the importance of movement, physical inactivity doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the antidote to this sedentary dilemma is regular, light to moderate aerobic activity. Engaging in such exercises presents a transformational opportunity, resulting in a notable 5-8 mmHg reduction in blood pressure.

Moderation is important

While the clinking of glasses can be synonymous with celebration, excessive alcohol consumption (around 40 g/day or 3 glasses) raises the stakes in the hypertension game. Research reveals a correlation between reduced alcohol consumption and a subsequent decrease in blood pressure, independent of weight loss.

Sodium could also be a reason

Sprinkling salt can harbor a silent danger, raising blood pressure. In nutritional science, evidence supports the idea that a slight reduction in sodium intake is closely associated with lower blood pressure. This highlights the importance of vigilance in monitoring and reducing our salt intake, as even small adjustments can have significant beneficial effects on cardiovascular health.

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Pregnancy complications

The journey of motherhood, while transformative, can leave a mark on a woman’s cardiovascular health. Preeclampsia (PE), a pregnancy complication characterized by elevated blood pressure, extends its implications beyond childbirth.


Prevention tips

Because hypertension is a challenge, the power to control it lies in proactive lifestyle changes that go beyond blood pressure management. Here is a guide for women who want to take charge of their cardiovascular health, according to the World Health Organization:
– Include a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
– Infuse regular activities with exercises like walking, running or dancing.
– Start doing muscle strengthening activities.
– Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week.
– Initiate weight loss efforts if necessary.
– Follow medication prescriptions and maintain regular healthcare appointments.